What Are Vehicle Security Barriers (VSBs)?

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Vehicle Security Barriers (VSBs) are physical devices designed to prevent vehicles from entering a specific location or area. They are typically installed at entrances, exits and other restricted access points.

The term VSB is predominantly used to refer to hostile vehicle mitigation (HVM) systems. These are designed to withstand high-impact collisions from vehicles traveling at speed, ensuring minimal damage to the surrounding property and the structure itself. They can also prevent personal injury by creating a barrier between pedestrians and moving vehicles.

VSBs come in many different styles, sizes and materials, and can be tailored to fit the security needs of any building or area. They can generally be split into two categories: passive perimeter protection (e.g. fixed bollards) and active equipment (e.g. automatic bollards).

Related FAQs

1) What Are Passive Vehicle Security Barriers?

There are various types of vehicle barrier available, all designed for different purposes. The two main types of VSBs are passive protection and active equipment.

Passive VSBs are designed to stay in place long-term and are not interactive. They are typically permanent, though some can be manually moved from one area to another.

Fixed and removable bollards are some of the most popular passive VSBs. They are typically crash tested to ensure they can withstand heavy impacts at top speeds.

Other passive VSBs may include reinforced fences and structural walls, level changes (e.g. steps), planter units and street lighting.

2) What Are Active Vehicle Barriers?

Active vehicle barrier systems, or vehicle access control barriers, do not act as a permanent obstacle. Instead, they can be opened or lowered to create an opening for cars, vans and other vehicles to pass through. They are ideal for areas that are restricted to the public, but where authorised personnel will require access.

There are many types of automatic vehicle barriers, such as bollards, retractable road blockers, boom barriers and sliding gates. Not all types of active barriers are considered VSBs, as some may not be able to withstand vehicular attacks.

Semi-automatic HVM bollards are a good example of an active VSB system. Semi-automatic telescopic bollards can be raised and lowered when a key is inserted, and work best when only occasional access is required. Automatic bollards, or electric bollards, are operated remotely using a fob, keypad or other form of control system.

3) Where Are Vehicle Security Barriers Used?

Vehicle security barriers can be used in a variety of contexts, from commercial and industrial premises to public spaces. They may be employed anywhere there is a risk of vandalism, vehicle-born attacks or security breaches.

Anti-ram or HVM vehicle barriers are commonly used at high-security locations such as:

  1. Government buildings
  2. Military bases
  3. Power plants
  4. Airports
  5. Stadiums and other event venues

VSBs may also be used in urban settings such as such as busy streets, shopping centres, car parks and pedestrian zones. Certain types of vehicle barrier, such as bollards, may also be installed on private driveways.

4) What Are the Benefits of a Vehicle Security Barrier System?

Vehicle security barriers are an effective way to secure a property or area from unwanted vehicular intrusion. The main benefits of VSBs include:

  1. Improved security by regulating who can enter and leave the premises
  2. Increased safety for pedestrians by protecting them from the flow of traffic
  3. Effective deterrent against crime including vandalism, malicious damage and theft
  4. Prevent nuisance parking and vehicle abandonment
  5. Can be used on public or private property
  6. Variety of styles and sizes available to suit all budgets and space requirements
  7. Unobtrusive designs blend in with surrounding infrastructure

Manual vehicle barriers are a great cost-effective solution to permanently cordon off pedestrian-only areas. Automatic vehicle barriers, such as automatic bollards, can be activated immediately to provide access as and when required.

5) What Are Vehicle Security Barriers Made Of?

Vehicle security barriers are typically constructed from durable, heavy-duty materials such as concrete and steel. Barriers made from weaker materials, such as plastic, may not be able to withstand collisions without sustaining serious damage. This would make them unsuitable for HVM applications.

Concrete VSBs, such as walls, planter units and concrete bollards, are simple and cost-effective. However, they may be prone to chipping, cracking and weathering over time.

Most active VSBs, including various types of security bollards, are made from steel. Steel is incredibly strong and ductile, offering excellent impact resistance. Stainless steel or galvanised steel may be used to help prevent corrosion and rust.

6) How Much Do Vehicle Security Barriers Cost?

The cost of vehicle security barriers can vary depending on factors such as size, materials and level of automation. Active and automatic VSBs, such as automatic bollard systems, usually cost significantly more than manual barrier solutions. This is due to their complex design and need for professional wiring and installation.

Similarly, crash-rated or HVM bollards are typically more expensive than basic traffic-calming barriers. This is because they are constructed from heavy-duty materials that can withstand high-impact collisions.

Contact MACs Bollards today to discuss your requirements. Our experts will be happy to recommend the best vehicle barriers for your needs and provide a tailored quote.

Contact MACs Bollards Today

If you are looking for an effective vehicle security solution for property or business, get in touch with MACs Bollards. We are Manchester-based suppliers of quality vehicle barriers including fixed, manual and automatic rising bollards.

Our automatic vehicle barrier systems are available with a variety of custom control options, from proximity card readers to number plate recognition. We will work with you to deliver a bespoke solution fit for your needs and budget. Our experienced engineers are on hand to provide ongoing aftercare, servicing and repairs.

To find out more, contact MACs Bollards today. Fill in our enquiry form, email enquiries@macs-bollards.com or call us on 0161 320 6463.

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