While bollards can serve as effective safety measures, their placement and spacing are critical for their effectiveness. Proper spacing ensures that bollards can serve their intended purpose while also allowing for smooth traffic flow and pedestrian access.
Regulatory and advisory bodies state that for security purposes, bollards should be no more than 1.2m apart. At 1.2m, bollards provide a high degree of protection while still allowing pedestrian access.
In this post, we will explore the factors to consider when determining how far apart bollards should be and provide recommendations for ensuring proper placement.
Factors to Consider When Deciding Bollard Spacing
When determining how far apart bollards should be placed, several factors must be considered. These include:
- Purpose of the bollards: The intended purpose of the bollards will influence their spacing. For instance, if the bollards are meant to prevent vehicles from entering a pedestrian area, they may need to be spaced more closely together than if they are meant to simply guide traffic.
- Type of traffic or vehicles in the area: The type of traffic or vehicles in the area will also influence bollard spacing. For example, bollards in a parking lot may need to be spaced further apart to accommodate larger vehicles, such as trucks and SUVs.
- Pedestrian traffic patterns: Pedestrian traffic patterns must also be considered when determining bollard spacing. If pedestrians frequently walk in a particular area, bollards may need to be spaced further apart to allow for easier movement.
- Building or infrastructure layout: The layout of the building or infrastructure around which the bollards will be placed will also influence spacing. For instance, if the bollards are being placed near a building entrance, they may need to be spaced more closely together to prevent vehicle intrusion.
- Risk assessment: Finally, a risk assessment should be conducted to determine the level of risk associated with the area. Bollards may need to be spaced more closely together in high-risk areas to provide increased protection.
Considering these factors is crucial for determining the appropriate spacing between bollards. This applies whether you are installing fixed, removable or automatic bollards.
Recommended Guidelines for Bollard Spacing
In the UK, there are several established guidelines for bollard spacing that can help inform proper placement. Some examples of these guidelines include:
- CPNI: The Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure recommend that bollards should be “spaced at a maximum air gap … of 1,200mm” to meet security requirements.
- Manual for Streets: The Manual for Streets, a Chartered Institution of Highways & Transportation publication, recommends bollards should be “no more than 1.2m apart such that hostile vehicles cannot encroach through the gaps.”
The factors considered in these guidelines include the purpose of the bollards, the type of traffic or vehicles in the area, pedestrian traffic patterns, and risk assessment. These guidelines are intended to provide general recommendations for bollard spacing, but it is important to note that specific contexts may require different spacing.
Importance of Proper Bollard Installation and Maintenance
While proper bollard spacing is essential, it is not the only factor that impacts bollard effectiveness and safety. Improper installation and maintenance can also have a significant impact. If bollards are not maintained properly, they may become damaged or deteriorated, which can reduce their effectiveness and pose a safety risk.
To ensure proper installation, it is important to follow established guidelines such as PAS 69 and work with a reputable contractor who has experience with bollard installation. Bollards should be anchored securely to the ground to prevent them from becoming dislodged or knocked over. It is also important to ensure that bollards are installed at the appropriate depth to ensure stability.
Proper maintenance is also crucial for ensuring bollard effectiveness and safety. Regular inspections should be conducted to check for any signs of damage. If damage is detected, the bollard should be repaired or replaced promptly. At Macs Bollards, we offer competitively priced bollard servicing and repairs to ensure maximum perimeter protection.
Contact Macs Bollards Today
Bollards are an effective safety measure that can help protect pedestrians and infrastructure from vehicle collisions. Proper bollard spacing is critical for their effectiveness, as is correct installation and regular maintenance.
If you need security bollards for residential, commercial or public use, speak with one of our experts at Macs Bollards. Every bollard is tested rigorously before leaving our warehouse to ensure optimal operation. Furthermore, our expert advisors will thoroughly discuss and assess your specific needs and offer support and advice on the right products for you.
To find out more and request a quote for your project, contact Macs Bollards today. Fill in our online form, email firstname.lastname@example.org or call us on 0161 320 6463.
Macs Automated Bollard Systems Ltd specialise in the nationwide supply of automatic rising bollards. Our experts keep the Macs Bollards blog updated with all the latest bollard news!